LNG will be the main fuel, with uptake first on short-sea ships operating in areas with developed gas bunkering infrastructure. Large ocean-going vessels will follow when bunkering infrastructure becomes available around the world. All new-builds will be equipped with multi-fuel engines, to allow for a smooth transition of main fuels.
Ultra low or zero emissions will be achieved by electric propulsion in special areas, such as ports or ECAs. Locally operating vessels will be fully electric; other vessels will have hybrid propulsion systems. Ships will become wind-assisted, and batteries for non-propulsion workload will be recharged by solar energy.
The power required to propel the ship will be minimal due to high efficiency propulsors, air lubrication or special coatings, and a hull design optimal for actual operational conditions. Latest virtual reality and simulation tools will be used to design the ship fit for operations.
To read about the research objectives and requirements, click here ».